Children in Ancient Rome

Children in ancient rome

When we think of Ancient Rome, we often imagine grand buildings, powerful leaders, and epic battles. However, children also played an important role in Roman society. From their education to their dress, games, and food, children in Ancient Rome had a unique experience that was different from what we might expect today.

Education of Children in Ancient Rome

In Ancient Rome, education was reserved for the wealthy and the elite. Boys from wealthy families were educated at home by private tutors or at schools run by scholars. Girls, on the other hand, were not typically given a formal education, but were taught domestic skills such as cooking, cleaning, and weaving.

Boys were taught subjects such as grammar, literature, mathematics, and music. They were also taught physical education and military training, as it was expected that they would become soldiers. Education was important for boys as it was believed that they would one day become leaders and rulers.

The girls has to learn how to become smart wives to assist their men taking care of their house, public appearance and assist them in politics.


Children’s clothing in Ancient Rome was not as colorful or elaborate as the clothing of adults. Boys wore a simple tunic that reached their knees, while girls wore a dress that also reached their knees. Both boys and girls wore a toga, a garment that was worn over the tunic or dress for formal occasions.

The toga was an important symbol of Roman citizenship and was reserved for Roman citizens only. Children did not wear the toga until they reached the age of 16.


Children in Ancient Rome had a variety of games and toys to play with. Board games, such as chess and backgammon, were popular among both boys and girls. Boys also played with toy soldiers and horses, while girls played with dolls and miniature household items.

It is still possible to see some of the toys they used in that time nowadays thanks to the archeological excavation.

Sports were also an important part of Roman culture, and children played games such as tag, hide and seek, and hopscotch. Ball games, including a game similar to soccer, were also popular.


Food in Ancient Rome was simple and consisted of grains, vegetables, and meat. Bread was a staple food, and the poor often ate a porridge made from grains. Meat, such as pork, beef, and lamb, was reserved for special occasions and was not eaten on a daily basis.

Children were not given sweets or candy, as sugar was not readily available in Ancient Rome. Instead, they ate fruits such as grapes, figs, and apples, and nuts such as almonds and walnuts. Milk was also an important part of a child’s diet, and was often given in the form of cheese or yogurt.


While life for children in Ancient Rome was different from what we might expect today, there are still similarities. Children still played games, were educated, and ate simple foods. However, the Roman society placed more emphasis on physical education and military training for boys, and domestic skills for girls.

The toga was an important symbol of Roman citizenship, and marked the transition from childhood to adulthood. Children’s clothing was simple and lacked the elaborate decoration of adult clothing.

Overall, the lives of children in Ancient Rome were shaped by the values and beliefs of their society. While they may have been different from what we expect today, they were no less important or interesting. Learning about the lives of children in Ancient Rome can provide insight into the culture and history of this fascinating civilization.

Children in Ancient Rome.

Read Gladiators.

Keep in touch with us: